If anyone has had a Kerry Blue Terrier for any length of time you have probably encountered a lump on your dog. Kerry Blue Terriers, although mostly a
healthy breed, are prone to sebaceous cysts and other lumps. However, how do you know how to distinguish between the lumps to worry about and the ones
to just leave alone?
Skin disorders can be attributed to older age, although younger dogs are also afflicted with lumps and lesions. Generally, congenital and hereditary issues
occur in young animals, whereas metabolic (hormonal or chemical) and neoplastic (abnormal growth of cells; benign or malignant) diseases occur in older
animals. The main lumps that you will encounter with your Kerry are spicules, hair follicle tumours, dermoid cyst, warts, lipomas and sebaceous cysts.
Also found in the Kerry are hemangiosarcoma, histiocytoma and melanoma.
As a rule, benign tumours are slow growing, with very little change over time. They have a clear margin and are typically movable. Sebaceous cysts, for
example are not usually attached, grow and then drain a thick cream-like secretion. Malignant tumours tend to grow rapidly, become ulcerated and spread
to surrounding areas. They are also typically fixed and less moveable.
In general, because the Kerry Blue Terrier tends to develop skin lumps, the owner, as a part of regular preventative care, should examine their dog monthly
and note any new or changing lumps or lesions. In this way you can monitor changes in growth, movement, and if any lumps are draining or ulcerating.
That being said, if concerned about any lump or lesion you should always get a veterinary opinion. The following is a table of lumps and tumours found
|Infected wound or biteAnywhere on body||Firm or fluid filled noduleVary in shape and sizeMay have signs of infection (fever, lethargy, decrease appetite)||May need surgical intervention to drain and clean woundMay need antibiotics|
Acral lick dermatitis
|Self licking resulting in skin traumaCaused by anxiety, boredom, stress||Self licking resulting in skin traumaCaused by anxiety, boredom, stressRed, hairless area; can become infected and drain||Treat cause through behaviour modification or medication|
Allergic & irritant contact dermatitis
(similar to Acral lick dermatitis)
|Allergic reaction or inflammation caused by irritating substances||Red skin & possibly small lumps or blisters; itchy||May need steroids or antihistamines|
Basal cell tumour
|Cancerous, slow growing, rarely metastasizes||Small fluid filled nodules, may ulcerate||Surgical removal is necessary|
|Mineralization of the skin due to corticosteroids (prednisone)||Hard nodules that ulcerate and drain, develop crustsMy be a sign of Cushing?s Disease||May need surgical removalMay need steroid reduction|
|Chronic pressure point||Thick, hairless areas over pressure points||Provide softer bedding|
|Most common cystBenign||Round nodules on the skin; may contain thick secretion that is yellow to grey||Surgical removal is optional|
|Malignant and invasive tumour||Blue to reddish black||Surgical removal, with removal of borders may require amputation of limb|
|Benign tumour typical in younger dogs||Solitary raised, red lump; strawberry like, common on legs, head and ears||Generally resolve on their own; elective surgical removal|
|Benign fatty tumour||Single, soft lump; can become large and hinder movement||Surgical removal if they become large or interfere with movement|
Mammary gland tumour
|Most common in unsprayed femalesMay be malignant||Nodules under the skin; irregular shape and size, may ulcerate and drain||Biopsy and surgical removal|
(similar to Hemangiosarcoma)
|Malignant||Single, dark growth||Surgical removal with large area around tumour|
|Benign; seen mostly in intact male KBT||Multiple hard brittle, hair like; mostly over hock region||No treatment unless very itchy|
|Benign growth caused by virus||Light color with cauliflower appearance; lips, tongue, eyelid or mouth usually||May biopsy, tend to resolve on own|